20 "must" words when purchasing a diamond

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Here's a list of 20 words that will make you sound like an expert, try to drop them from time to time, just so people know you mean business!

Carat
- Simply put, it's diamond size, but it isn't measured in width, or height, but weight, and it equals 0.007oz or 200mg, and comes from ancient greece. While appraisers will give you details regarding the diamonds' measurements, due to different proportions and shapes, it's easiest to compare them by weight.

Certificate - In order to know the exact value of a diamond, a 3rd party appraisal and gemological lab is used. Most common ones are GIA, EGL and IGL, which are used by us as well. This laboratory supplies a certificate regarding the diamond's attributes (4 C's - carat, clarity, color and cut) and help grade the diamond by list price. The certificate is a complete document, going into extreme detail regarding it's dimentions, properties and imperfections.

Clarity - How clear the diamond is, the number, size and effect of feathers and inclusions, eye visible imperfections and such - all sum up to a grade (between internally flawless (IF) and Inclusioned (I3)) is considered one of the most important aspects of diamond grading.

Clarity enhanced - A process that removes blemishes, inclusions and imperfections using advanced technology, raising a diamond's clarity rank and making it more appealing and attractive.

Color - While most diamonds are supposedly white or colorless, particles locked within the diamond during it's creation may give it a tint (often a brownish-yellow) or even a different color. These can be ranked by the GIA color scale, ranging from colorless (grade D-F), near colorless (G-J) and various levels of colored diamonds rank in K-Z. 

Conflict / Conflict free - Diamond trade is a billion dollar market, and where there is revenue, there is, sadly, always an opportunity to increase profit unethically. In Africa, this large diamond trade sometimes fuels armed rebellions, insurgents, terrorist activities and slave labour. In fact, large amounts of money involved in diamonds go into funding Al-Qaeda. While the kimberley process fights these horrible aspects of diamond trade, avoid shady institutes as they may sell conflict (or blood) diamonds. 

Crown
 -
The upper half (or third, or quarter, depending on shape) of the diamond.

Cut -
The grade of the diamond proportions, symmetry and polish, which grade the craftsmanship level used to create this diamond from it's rough state (usually very good or excellent, sometimes may include "hearts and arrows" which represents the ideal cut). 

Fancy color -
Colored diamonds in non-yellowish or brownish tint are called fancy diamonds. As diamonds with different colors (black, blue, violet...) are much rarer, the 4Cs grading system is far less important, and blemishes and inclusions have less affect on the cost of a diamond.

Feather -
A blemish in the stone that is caused in a natural and organic way, affecting the stone's reflective and refractive abilities. Are filled during the clarity enhancement process with a silicon-base solutions making them invisible.

Girdle -
The part that separates the pavilion from the crown. In a round shaped diamond, for example, the girdle is a somewhat thick "belt".

HPHT/Moissanite/CZ  -  
Diamond alternatives. Moissanite is a natural mineral that has been synthesized for mass-production, while cubic zirconia is completely synthetic material. HPHT, on the other hand, is man-made diamonds, using advanced machinery to simulate the process carbon goes through, creating a "natural" diamond. All these alternatives are lab-made and NOT naturally earth-mined diamonds like Glogowski diamonds.

Inclusion -
Small ore deposits locked within the stone from it's natural creation process, may appear to the naked eye as "black spots". Are dissolved during the clarity enhancement process. 

List
 - Rapaport diamond list price, the diamond price guide that the diamond trade uses to regulate it's prices and determine a common ground in the business. It updates monthly, and is influenced by supply and demand.

Loose diamond - A diamond not inside a setting, meaning just the diamond, no jewelry.

Pavilion - The bottom part of the diamond.

Ring size - The measurement used to determine the size of the ring you need. Feel free to use our handy ring size chart.

Shape
- Sometimes referred to as cut, but focusing on the actual shape of the diamond, like princess cut, or emerald cut.

Table - The part of the diamond that faces up.
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